|1775||:Count Alessandro Volta produces static electricity by friction|
|1781||:Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg creates the Eidophusikon which uses moving pictures to represent natural phenomena|
|1791||:Luigi Galvani develops a theory of 'animal electricity' later called, 'Galvanic Electricity'|
|1794||:Robert Barker opens the first 'Panorama', a prototype of future cinemas|
|1801||:Thomas Young formulates the wave theory of light|
|1802||:Thomas Wedgewood produces silhouettes by use of siver nitrate but is unable to fix the images|
|1807||:Dr. William Hyde Wollaston invents the 'Camera Lucida' which projects the virtual image of an object onto a screen.|
|1808||:Humfrey Davy produces the first electric arc light|
|1824||:Peter Mark Roget discovers ability of retina to retain image for 1/20 - 1/5 of a second and invents the 'Thaumatrope'|
|1827||:Charles Wheatstone experiments with acoustics and designs a microphone|
|1830||:Michael Faraday passes electricity through vacuum tube|
|1832||Joseph Plateau invents a toy called the Phantascope which shows a series of staged drawings which are displayed on a spinning disc creating an illusion of motion is created. This is considered the first motion picture device|
Simon Von Stampfer invents the stroboscope
:Charles Wheatstone invents a non-photographic 'stereoscopic viewing device'
|1834||:William George Horner patents the 'Daedelum' |
Pierre Desvignes experiments with the Daedelum and produces the 'Zoetrope' consisting of a drum with equally spaced vertical slits (peepholes) down the side and a series of images on strip of paper showing a figure or object in graduating stages of motion - the beginning of the cinema
|1843||:Alexander Bain patents the 'Pantelegraph' which is an electrical method for transmitting images over a distance.|
|1847||:Frederick Bakewell improves the Pantelegraph by using revolving drums covered with tin-foil for transmitting and receiving recorded pictures|
|1859||Thomas Du Mont patents the 'camera zootropica' which reproduces the phases of movement in 12 successive images|
|1861||:Oliver Wendell Holmes invents the 'stereoscope viewer'|
|1873||Joseph May and Willoughby Smith discover photoconductivity whiich transforms images into electrical signals.|
|1876||:Alexander Graham Bell invents the "telephone"|
|1862||:The pantelegraph is invented by Abbe Giovanna Caselli which transmits a still image over wire|
|1873||:Scientists May and Smith experiment with the photoconductivity of selenium and light and transforming images into electronic signals|
|1875 ||Ayrton and Perry of England experiment with electric picture systems|
Thomas Alva Edison invents the wax stencil mimeograph duplicator
Intelligible speech transmitted by Alexander Graham Bell using a magnetic microphone
|1876||George R Carey of Boston, USA invented a "selenium camera" which was a device that would allow people to "see by electricity." Other similar devices at the time were called telectroscopes.|
Eugen Goldstein experiments with cathode rays and used the term to describe the light emitted when an electric current was forced through a vacuum tube
|1878||Sheldon Bidwell experiments with telephotography|
Paul Nipkow patents the "electric telescope."
|1879||Thomas Edison demonstrates the carbon filament light bulb|
|1880||1880: Denis Redmond builds the télescopie électrique (Electric Telescope) and transmits an image electrically|
Alexander Bell and Sumner Tainter experiment with the photophone seeking to use this device for image sending
Maurice Leblanc pioneers the principles for color television
Denis Redmond publishes the first book about television called 'La Telescopie Electrique' (The Electric Telescope).
|1881||Sheldon Bidwell experiments with telephotography inventing the 'Scanning Phototelegraph'|
|1884||Paul Nipkow invents the "electric telescope", a scanning disk|
Thomas Edison discovers the 'Edison Effect' the basis for the electron tube
|1893||One of the earliest examples of remote control was developed by Nikola Tesla|
|1894||Charles Francis Jenkins patents the phantascope, one of the first practical motion picture projection machines|
|1895||Louis and Auguste Lumière patent the cinematograph capable of projecting moving pictures and on December 28 show the first motion pictures at the Grand Cafe on the Boulevard Des Capucines|
|1896||Louis and Auguste Lumière patent the cinematograph capable of projecting moving pictures and on December 28 show the first motion pictures at the Grand Cafe on the Boulevard Des Capucines|
April 23: Thomas Edison shows the first motion pictures in the USA in Koster and Bial's Music Hall in New York
September 2: Guglielmo Marconi granted the worlds first radio patent
|1897||Heinrich Rudolph Hertz produces radio waves|
K.F. Braun invents the cathode-ray tube
Thomas Edison continues experiments with motion pictures
|1899||Thomas Edison and William Kennedy Laurie Dickson patent the Kinetoscope|
Julius Elster and Hans Friedrich Geitel successfully transmit static or luminous imagery
|1900||Congress of Electricity held at the 1900 World's Fair in Paris|
Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word "television."
Scientists were looking at two methods - Mechanical television and Electronic television
|1906||Lee de Forest invented the "Audion" vacuum tube with the ablity to amplify signals|
Boris Rosing combines Paul Nipkow's disk and a cathode ray tube and builds the first working mechanical TV system.
Reginald Fessenden invents wireless telephony, a means for radio waves to carry signals a significant distance.
|1907||1907: Campbell Swinton and Boris Rosing suggest using cathode ray tubes to transmit images via Electronic television|
Charles Jenkins and Scotsman John Baird experiment with the mechanical television model
Philo Farnsworth experiment with the the electronic television model.
|1909||1909 Nobel Prize awarded to Karl Ferdinand Braun and Guglielmo Marconi for the development of radio|
|1912||The Radio Act of 1912 limits broadcasting on radio stations to the 360m wavelength, which jams signals.|
|1922||Vladimir Kosma Zworykin patents his iconscope television transmission tube leading the way for further advancement in the television|
|1924||1924 - 1925: American Charles Jenkins and John Baird from Scotland, each demonstrate the mechanical transmissions of images over wire circuits. Photo Left: Jenkin's Radiovisor Model 100 circa 1931, sold as a kit. Baird becomes the first person to transmit moving silhouette images using a mechanical system based on Nipkow's disk. Vladimir Zworykin patents a color television system.|
l "Broadcast Listeners" Year Book forecasts 'The Wireless Musical Cinema' within two to three years.
|1925||Vladimir Kosma Zworykin patents the first television color tube|
October 30: The first moving image was transmitted (the famous grainy image of a ventriloquists dummy's head)
|1927||April 9: Bell Laboratories and the Department of Commerce held the 1st long-distance transmission of a live picture and voice simultaneously.|
Philo Farnsworth patents the Image Dissector, the first complete electronic television system and transmits the first all-electronic television image
John Logie Baird set up the Baird Television Development Company Ltd making the first television programmes for the BBC
|1928||Television is introduced in the United States |
The Federal Radio Commission issues the first television license (W3XK) to Charles Jenkins
John Logie Baird beams a television image from England to the United States
The first television set is sold. The Daven television cost $75.
RCA begins work on large-screen television.
|1929||Television is introduced in the United Kingdom and Germany |
John Logie Baird opens the first TV studio
CBS was founded by William S. Paley
|1930||1930: Charles Jenkins broadcasts the first TV commercial|
RCA demonstrate large screen television in New York
Ulysses A Sanabria gives a Cinema-television demonstration in Chicago
July 28: First UK public demonstration of large screen television given by John Logie Baird at the London Coliseum
|1931||January 4 John Logie Baird demonstrates ‘zone television’, showing full-length figures and a cricket lesson by Herbert Strudwick.|
April 24: Lee De Forest files a US patent for a method of recording pictures, film or events
Television is introduced in France and the USSR
By the end of 1931 there are nearly 40,000 television sets in the United States
|1932||June: John Logie Baird transmits pictures of the Derby horse race at Epsom to a large-screen television display at the Metropole Cinema in London|
November 8: John Logie Baird introduces a programme which is televised from Broadcasting House, London to the Arena Theatre, Copenhagen, Denmark (600 miles away)
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was established by the Communications Act of 1934
|1936||The firstexperimental" coaxial cable lines were laid by AT&T between New York and Philadelphia|
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) debuts the world's first television service with three hours of programming a day.
August: Television at the Berlin Olympics. Television broadcasts from the Berlin Olympic Games are seen by 150,000 people in public television rooms in Berlin
|1938 ||February 4: First UK public demonstration of large-screen colour television at London’s Dominion theatre by John Logie Baird and is transmitted from the Baird studio at Crystal Palace in South London|
|1939||January: Direct projection television with a 15ft x 12ft screen is installed at the 1,190-seat Marble Arch Pavilion by Baird Company.|
Television was demonstrated by RCA at the New York World's Fair and the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition
Fritz Fischer patents the Eidophor
Baird Television Ltd goes into liquidation and is re-formed as Cinema-Television but without John Logie Baird on the board.
Television is introduced in Japan and Italy
|1940||1940: Peter Goldmark invents a 343 lines of resolution color television.|
|1941||John Logie Baird, now working on his own, demonstrates a 600 line HDTV colour system for television|
|1943||1943: Vladimir Zworykin develops a camera tube called the Orthicon|
|1944 || January 15: Patent is granted for the Eidophor television projection system.|
June 14: John Logie Baird dies of pneumonia
|1946||Peter Goldmark, working for CBS, demonstrated his mechanical color television system to the FCC - the first to introduce a broadcasting color television system|
|1948||1948: Cable television is introduced in Pennsylvania|
Louis W. Parker patents a low-cost television receiver
One million homes in the United States have television sets
August: In a document entitled 'Television and the Cinema', prepared for the Beveridge Committee on the future of broadcasting, the BBC states that 'the place of television is in the home'
|1950||The FCC approves the first color television standard which is soon replaced by a second in 1953|
Vladimir Zworykin develops the Vidicon
Phonevision, the first pay-per-view television service, becomes available
|1951||Color television introduced in the U.S.|
Philips experiments and produces projection television
|1952||Television is introduced in Canada |
|1956||Robert Adler invents Zenith Space Commander which is the first practical remote control|
AT&T launches Telstar, the first satellite to carry TV broadcasts and television broadcasts are relayed around the World.
|1964||Color television introduced in the U.S.|
|1969||July 20: TV transmission from the moon watched by 600 million people|
|1972||50% of home TVs are color television sets.|
|1973||Giant screen projection television is first marketed.|
|1976||Sony introduce Betamax, the first home video cassette recorder.|
|1980||CNN, the first all-news network, is launched by Ted Turner|
|1981||NHK demonstrate HDTV with 1,125 lines of resolution.|
The Supreme Court rules to allow television cameras in the courtroom.
|1982:||Dolby surround sound for home televisionsets is introduced.|
|1986||Super VHS is introduced|
|1988||98% of U.S. households have at least one television set.|
The first commercial Direct broadcast satellite DBS service, Sky Television plc (now BSkyB), was launched in the UK
|1992||There are 900 million television sets in use around the world|
201 million television sets are in the United States.
|2006||Television signals in both analog and digital formats|
The US switch-off of all analogue terrestrial TV broadcasts is scheduled to begin NO LATER THAN February 17, 2009
The UK switch-off of all analogue terrestrial TV broadcasts is scheduled to begin in 2008. The last regions will be switched off in 2012
A UK Digital Terrestrial replacement, called Freeview, enables analogue television sets to receive prrogrammes